What Is The Mediterranean Diet

The popularity of the Mediterranean Diet began with a rather simple equation: the people of Greece and Southern Italy tended to eat a diet rich in fat, yet had less cardiovascular disease than people in the U.S.How could this be?

The answer seems to lie in the Mediterranean’s reliance on the monosaturated fat known as olive oil.Olive oil forms the basis of Mediterranean cooking – it is the key ingredient in preparing everything from pasta to steak.Olive oil is also considered an antioxidant, so it can be effective in the fight against cancer.

However,following the Mediterranean Diet can be a challenge.While 40 percent of one’s total calories are derived from fat, dieters can only eat small portions of red meat.Even fish and poultry are de-emphasized, as are milk and milk products.

However,unlike other diets, the Mediterranean Diet allows you to eat a fair amount of bread and potatoes, and you can eat eggs as often as every other day.You can even drink wine in moderate amounts.

It should be pointed out that the Mediterranean Diet offers little in the way of saturated fat or trans fat.This means that dieters have to avoid certain oils as well as margarine,peanut butter, cakes and cookies.Dieters are also encouraged to cut the total amount of fat they eat each day.

A study conducted in France showed that people who had had at least one heart attack who planned their meals according to a Mediterranean diet were less likely to suffer from subsequent heart attacks than those who followed a typical diet recommended by the American Heart Association.

Another study conducted last year indicated that those who used the Mediterranean diet, exercised, and abstained from smoking were less likely to die than those who followed a traditional diet.

However, not all the foods found in a typical Mediterranean Diet are considered healthy choices. For instance,cheese-rich lasagna and ravioli can be roadblocks to weight loss.In addition,tiramisu and canolli can also cause an individual to pack on the pounds.

A number of dieticians recommend taking the best elements of the Mediterranean Diet and incorporating them into your lifestyle in order to achieve good health and weight loss.This means emphasizing vegetables in your diet, along with whole grains and nuts.

You might be surprised to learn that the average Mediterranean consumes red meat less than twice a week.If you’re following the Mediterranean path, you should also ban the butter and sugary snacks and opt for fruit when selecting a dessert.

But there are also other parts of the Mediterranean lifestyle which should be considered when you are attempting to lose weight.Mediterraneans tend to walk and bike a great deal, which contributes to their calorie-burning.In addition, meals tend to be a leisurely affair.As a result, the body has time for proper digestion.

A typical Mediterranean menu would include cereal and banana for breakfast; minestrone soup and a slice of garlic bread for lunch; and pasta primavera and berries for dinner.One of the great advantages to the Mediterranean Diet is that it is a feast for the senses the colors are bold, the flavors are enticing, and the aroma is unbeatable.

In addition to helping people lose weight, the Mediterranean Diet has been credited with improving longevity for people within the Mediterranean Basin.

Therefore, the diet is considered a healthy, life-giving alternative to a number of other diets that are on the market today.But perhaps the diet’s biggest selling point is the fact that dieters say it helps to satisfy their cravings – while enabling them to lose weight.

Therefore, a number of people see the Mediterranean Diet as the ultimate un-diet,a weight management plan that doesn’t scrimp on taste.

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By brenkee from PixabayMediterranean diet.
Candid shot in the market in Valencia Spain.

The Mediterranean diet is a modern nutritional recommendation inspired by the traditional dietary patterns of Greece, Spain and Southern Italy. The principal aspects of this diet include proportionally high consumption of olive oil, legumes, unrefined cereals, fruits, and vegetables, moderate to high consumption of fish, moderate consumption of dairy products (mostly as cheese and yogurt), moderate wine consumption, and low consumption of meat and meat products.

On November 17, 2010, UNESCO recognized this diet pattern as an Intangible Cultural Heritage of Italy, Greece, Spain and Morocco.

Despite its name, this diet is not typical of all Mediterranean cuisine. In Northern Italy, for instance, lard and butter are commonly used in cooking, and olive oil is reserved for dressing salads and cooked vegetables. In both North Africa and the Middle East, sheep’s tail fat and rendered butter (samna) are the traditional staple fats, with some exceptions. Indeed, one researcher concludes: "It appears that currently there is insufficient material to give a proper definition of what the Mediterranean diet is or was in terms of well defined chemical compounds or even in terms of foods…. The all embracing term ‘Mediterranean diet’ should not be used in scientific literature…."

The most commonly understood version of the Mediterranean diet was presented, amongst others, by Dr Walter Willett of Harvard University’s School of Public Health from the mid-1990s on. Based on "food patterns typical of Crete, much of the rest of Greece, and southern Italy in the early 1960s", this diet, in addition to "regular physical activity," emphasizes "abundant plant foods, fresh fruit as the typical daily dessert, olive oil as the principal source of fat, dairy products (principally cheese and yogurt), and fish and poultry consumed in low to moderate amounts, zero to four eggs consumed weekly, red meat consumed in low amounts, and wine consumed in low to moderate amounts". Total fat in this diet is 25% to 35% of calories, with saturated fat at 8% or less of calories.


Plain and simple… (I am a biochemist by training and have been fighting the flab for many years, then I listened to "over the sugar hill parts 1 & 2" by Steve Gibson and it all made sense. I lost 50Kg in 18 months) , give up sugar and carbohydrates eat about 900 calories of everything else, loose weight.
No magic, not fads, yes you are hungry (that’s your body telling you that you are loosing weight). When you reach your desired weight eat a bit more but don’t go back to the sugar and carbohydrates.

A link to "over the sugar hill".

By Neil. Moralee on 2013-11-12 13:10:50

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